Demyanov A.V. 1
1 State budgetary educational institution of higher professional education «The Orenburg State Medical Academy» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
As at the end of XX century and at the beginning of the XXI century the leading cause of morbidity, disability and mortality is cardiovascular disease, is far ahead of its nearest competitors. In Russia incidence of cardiovascular diseases exceeds similar indicators of the Western countries. In order to identify features of the spatial distribution of morbidity in the adult population of the Orenburg region circulatory system diseases was carried out statistical analysis of the data reporting forms Territorial Organization of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Orenburg region. Analysis of the dynamics of the general adult population morbidity circulatory system diseases Orenburg region revealed a downward trend indicators, so the average growth rate was 97,9 %, while the average growth rate of primary disease in the Orenburg region in 2008–2012 amounted to 96,8 %, slightly ahead of Russia’s total (99,7 %). Identified areas with low average growth rate of overall morbidity: Svetlinsky (81,4 %), Orenburg (81,7 %), and Tulgansky (83,4 %) areas. And also identified areas with high average growth rate: Krasnogvardeyskiy (143,5 %) and Belyaevsky (153,9 %) areas. In the analysis of primary morbidity highlighted areas with high and low average growth rate: Svetlensky (47,2 %), Kuvandyksky (58,2 %), Orenburg (58,9 %) and Krasnogvardeyskiy (59,9 %) areas and accordingly Kvarkensky (209,0 %), Oktyabrsky (171,3 %) and Buzuluksky (146,9 %) areas. To consolidate and strengthen the tendency to reduce the overall incidence of primary and circulatory system diseases need to strengthen preventive work in the administrative areas of the field with a medium to high average growth rate of general and primary morbidity of circulatory system diseases. In areas with low average growth rate (less than 100%) expect a rapid decline in incidence rates to all-Russian level is not necessary because the initial considerable excess morbidity (primary and general) on the indicators in the Russian Federation.