Ignatova G.L. 1
Pustovalova I.A. 1
Zakharova I.A. 1
1 South Ural State Medical University
Summary of continuous sampling method surveyed 171 man with a diagnosis - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the average age - 67,0±8,0 years. The complex consisted of a survey questionnaire and spirography. Statistical processing of the resulting material was performed using a Statistica 10. Disease duration was distributed as follows: length of illness from 1 to 5 years - 59 people (34.5%), 5-10 years - 82 patients (47.9%), and more than 10 years COPD - 30 people (17.6%). Smoking history in COPD group was significantly higher and amounted to 38,0±11,5 years in the control group - 28,0 ± 16,0 years. Patients with mild had a significantly lower number of exacerbations compared with grades III and IV: so one exacerbation transferred 15.2% of the respondents of mild and moderate COPD, aggravation - 3.5%, and 3 or more - only 1.8% of the surveyed . The prevalence of arterial hypertension among respondents with I degree was 3.7%, with II - 11,6%, with III - 27%, and IV - 31,7% (p ≤ 0,05). Coronary heart disease is also more than two times were significantly more constant at severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than the average and more than 4.5 times more frequently than in mild COPD. Also, diabetes was more common among patients with COPD IV degree. Thus, the value shown by the presence of comorbid diseases with multiple and complex pathogenetic links between them.